LANGUAGE AND NATIONALISM. BULGARIAN-MACEDONIAN LANGUAGE DISPUTE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SIGNED TREATY OF GOOD NEIGHBOURSHIP BETWEEN TWO COUNTRIES

  • Nikola Ambarkov

Abstract

Theories of nations and nationalism consider language as one of


the important factors that define the basis of a nation. The language


dispute between Bulgaria and Macedonia is not a recent issue. In its very


sharp form it exists since the second half of 19th century when the two


views were determined: one which embraced a common linguistic


standard for Macedonians and Bulgarians; and the position of the so


called makedonisti, who insisted that a separate linguistic development


for Macedonian nation must be introduced. With the codification of the


Macedonian linguistic standard in 1944, the language dispute with


Bulgaria reached another dimension. Following the proclamation of the


Macedonian Independence and their recognition by Bulgaria in 1992, a


number of contracts of mutual cooperation remained unsigned due to the


linguistic dispute. A breakthrough was made in 1999 when the


Declaration for Good Neighbourship was signed in Macedonian language


in accordance with the Constitution, and Bulgarian language in


accordance with the Bulgarian Constitution, and a formulation which was


also accepted when the Treaty of Good Neighbourship was signed in


  1. The purpose of this paper is to use the historical and explicative

approach to explain the genesis of Bulgarian - Macedonian language


dispute, especially its escalation following the codification of the


Macedonian standard language in 1944/1945. Analysis was performed


with the comparative approach, which included analogies with other


national linguistic contexts for the unsustainability of the Bulgarian thesis


for non-existence of an independent Macedonian language. A special


review was carried out due to the dilemma on whether the formulation


from the Treaty “Language in accordance to the Constitution” was


Bulgaria’s attempt to devalue and deny the autochthony of the


Macedonian language as an important marker of the Macedonian nation.

Published
May 21, 2019
How to Cite
AMBARKOV, Nikola. LANGUAGE AND NATIONALISM. BULGARIAN-MACEDONIAN LANGUAGE DISPUTE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SIGNED TREATY OF GOOD NEIGHBOURSHIP BETWEEN TWO COUNTRIES. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference "Social Changes in the Global World", [S.l.], v. 2, n. 5, p. 915-941, may 2019. Available at: <http://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/scgw/article/view/2973>. Date accessed: 15 oct. 2019.