THE ROADS AS CIVILIZATION SYMBOL OR BRAIN DRAIN BOOSTER: CULTURE CHANGES IN SPIRIT OF GLOBAL CHALLENGES
Nowadays, culture identification is consequently subject to many geopolitical considerations such a competition, regionalization, transportation and globalization. Globalization processes have extended considerably the need for international transportation, notably because of economic integration, which grew on par with the fragmentation of production systems and the expansion of international trade and transportation. The maxima “Via Vita”, or “the road is life” said the ancient Romans. The whole meaning of this truly “strengths” words is meaning of road construction likewise the main life arteries of the empire. Global transportation is vital component to achieving the “four freedoms” (the free movement of people, goods, services and capital) and crucial factor to the mixing of world cultures through different ethnicities, religions and nationalities has increased with advanced transportation, communication, and road technology. Today’s global world is a mosaic of many cultural communities. Cultural differences exist within countries as well as between them. Culture diversity, the total way of life, customs, religion, language that characterizes a group of people, is one of the most important things that culture geography study. There are literally thousands of cultures on Earth today and each contributes to global diversity. The mixing of world cultures shades through different ethnicities, religions and nationalities has increased with advanced transportation and internet communication technology. In global world, today, is particularly evident processes to spread new cultural phenomenon throughout migration, as the epitome of globalization. Or more dramatically: European countries face a new challenge: youth migration phenomenon. Because of cultural globalization, the movement of youths from Balkans from to European setting has caused a significant depopulation. Balkan border had a fatal effect and almost mythical dimension. Europe, as well as Balkans today is in the focus of attention because again live the tragic period of its history. Balkan countries cope with the problem of losing vital human resources because educated young people emigrating from the region in EU and USA. Macedonia faces what is called a “white plague”, the process of emigration of young people from the country. Hundreds of thousands of young people aged between 25 and 35 have left Balkan countries over the past couple of decades in search of a better life abroad. History again create new cultural landscape of the new global challenges.