The impacts of COVID-19 on the logistic ecosystems and benefit for the circular economy
The aim of this paper is to identify the specific reviews about many economic uncertainties concerning with Covid 19 pandemic and then how the world economic landscape will evolve. Furthermore, the research is related to the logistic system during the pandemic by means of a circular economy environment. This analysis will show how issues associated with policy-makers grapple with this public health crisis, they also face the need to mobilize recovery efforts to revitalize an economy throughout the circular economy in the logistic ecosystem and hit by the effects of the pandemic. The global pandemic of COVID-19 caused catastrophic consequences for the world economy. Judging by the trend of this global pandemic, the expectations are not at all optimistic that this problem will be completed in a short time. All companies involved in the movement, storage and flow of goods are directly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. In order to easily cope with the problems and difficulties with the Corona virus pandemic, the need for optimization of the supply chain and complete digitalization of the logistics sector in all spheres of our society is imposed as an essential need. Or the time has come for a different economic model that will more effectively address the growing problems in the distribution sector of industries or national economies. The important role of supply chain, which includes logistics, is an inevitable choice while attempting to make a business sustainable, the often ask question in the science and industry practice. Logistics play a vital role in the integration of circular economy principles in the capital-intensive industry as they facilitate the flow of materials between all actors in the value chain. Circular economics is the much-anticipated "desired" concept of creating values through the rational use of resources and the minimization of the adverse environmental impact of manufactured products at all stages of the product life cycle. Companies that not keep a breast or do not recognize the importance of effective strategy of "friendly" logistics or do not try to change their own business model to a circular economy, as a kind of a global trend as part of the value chain, risk disrupt customer relationships and can seriously endanger the image and reputation of their company. So, the impetus for change in companies in the logistics sector is encouraged and comes as a kind of pressure from external forces (customers and competition), but also from the internal need to reorganize the business model, stimulated by the need for lower costs, healthy environment and long-term sustainable development as a modern trend of general civilization development and modern business strategies.
2. The Club of Rome, Open letter to global leaders – a healthy planet for healthy people (26th March 2020) https://www.clubofrome.org/impact-hubs/climate-emergency/open-letter-to-global-leaders-a-healthyplanet-for-healthy-people/ [accessed 17.04.2021]
3. Ellen Macarthur Foundation (2020): Circular economy and the Covid-19 recovery: How policymakers can pave the way to a low-carbon and prosperous future. www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org [accessed: 17.04.2021]
4. Material Economics Sverige AB. The Circular Economyand covid-19 Recovery:How pursuing a circular future for Europe fits with recovery from the economic crisis. https://materialeconomics.com/latest-updates/circular-recovery [accessed 17.04.2021]
5. World Economic forum (2014): Towards the Circular Economy: Accelerating the scale-up across global supply chains. Prepared in collaboration with the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and McKinsey & Company. WEF, January 2014. p.10
6. Dhawan P., Beckmann J. (2018): Circular Economy Guidebook for Cities. CSCP, 2018.p.3.
7. Ellen Macarthur Foundation (2020): Circular economy and the Covid-19 recovery: How policymakers can pave the way to a low-carbon and prosperous future. www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org [accessed: 17.04.2021]
8. Buren V.N. et all. (2016). Towards a circular economy: the role of Dutch logistics industries and governments. Sustainability 2016, 8, 647; p.2. doi:10.3390/su8070647
9. European Environment Agency (2020): Resource efficiency and the circular economy in Europe 2019 – even more from less: An overview of the policies, approaches and targetsof 32 European countries. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2020. No 26/20191994. p.11.
10. Wilts H., Gries N.V., Walkowiak B.B. (2016): From Waste Management to Resource Efficiency— The Need for Policy Mixes. Sustainability 2016, 8, 622; doi:10.3390/su8070622. p.1. https://epub.wupperinst.org/frontdoor/deliver/index/docId/6403/file/6403_Wilts.pdf [accessed 25.02.2021] 11.https://ec.europa.eu/environment/legal/law/6/pdf/01_aile_waste_law_circular_economy_s peakers_notes.pdf
12. European Parliament (2017): Towards a circular economy – waste management in the EU. EPRS: Scientific foresight unit (STOA) PE 581.913. p.28. 13. European Commission. Circular economy: closing loop – an EU action plan for the circular economy. 2016. p.3. https://ec.europa.eu/environment/legal/law/6/pdf/01_aile_waste_law_circular_economy_speakers_not es.pdf
14. Ellen Macarthur Foundation (2020): How policymakers can achieve a resilient recovery with the circular economy.p.2-3. www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org [accessed: 17.04.2021]
15. WBCSD (2017). 8 Business cases for the circular economy. Geneve: WBCSD, 2017. p.2. https://www.wbcsd.org/Programs/Circular-Economy/Factor-10/News/8-Business-Cases-to-theCircular-Economy [accessed: 19.02.2021]
16. European Parliament (2017): Towards a circular economy – waste management in the EU. EPRS: Scientific foresight unit (STOA) PE 581.913. p.16 17. https://aecom.com/without-limits/article/keeping-tabs-waste/circular-economy/ [accessed 24.02.2021]
18. Cardoso, J. L. (2018). “The circular economy: historical grounds”. In Changing Societies: Legacies and Challenges. Vol. iii. The Diverse Worlds of Sustainability, eds. A. Delicado, N. Domingos and L. de Sousa. Lisbon: Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, 117. https://doi.org/10.31447/ics9789726715054.04
19. ogarassy C., Finger D.(2020). Theoretical and Practical Approaches of Circular Economy for Business Models and Technological Solutions. Resources 2020, p.1-2.; doi:10.3390/resources9060076
20. Accenture strategy (2014). Circular Advantage Innovative Business Models and Technologies to Create Value without Limits to Growth.2014. p.4. https://www.accenture.com/t20150523T053139__w__/us-en/_acnmedia/Accenture/ConversionAssets/DotCom/Documents/Global/PDF/Strategy_6/Accenture-Circular-Advantage-InnovativeBusiness-Models-Technologies-Value-Growth.pdf
21. Higgs K. (2017): Limits to growth: human economy and planetary boundaries. The Journal of Population and Sustainability. Vol. 2, No. 1, (Autumn 2017), p.31
22. World bank group: Covid-19’s impact on Sub-National Governments. p.1-2. https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/cb8caf2a-0dde-4620-9e3d-7df8c4717fa6/IFC-Covid19Municipalities-final102120-web.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CVID=nlc.KlU [accessed 16.04.2021]
23. International Finance Corporation:The impact of Covid-19 on logistics. p.2-3. https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/2d6ec419-41df-46c9-8b7b-96384cd36ab3/IFC-Covid19Logistics-final_web.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CVID=naqOED5 [accessed 16.04.2021]
24. Infrastructure: WBG Response to COVID-19 The Transport Sector: A Mobility Crisis.p 1.
25. C40 Cities Climate Leadership: Group Public transport after COVID-19: re-building safe and connected cities. https://www.c40knowledgehub.org/s/article/Public-transport-after-COVID-19-rebuilding-safe-and-connected-cities?language=en_US [accessed 16.04.2021]
26. UNCTAD (2020): COVID-19 and maritime transport: Impact and responses. UNCTAD /DTL /TLB /INF/ 2020/1. p.9. https://unctad.org/system/files/official-document/dtltlbinf2020d1_en.pdf [accessed 16.04.2021]
27. Polet M., Aspert V.S, Huitema N.: Logistics in the transition to a circular economy: white paper. Amsterdam: Copper, 2020. p.3.
28. Fisher, M. (1997). What is the right supply chain for your product? Harvard Business Review, MarchApril.p.1.
29. L. Barreto, A. Amaral and T. Pereira (2017), “Industry 4.0 implications in logistics: an overview,” Procedia Manufacturing, 2017. 13, p. 1245.
30. Cheng H.Y., Lee F. (2010). Outsourcing reverse logistics of high-tech manufacturing firms by using a systematic decision-making approach: TFT-LCD sector in Taiwan. Industrial Marketing Management 39 (2010) 1111–1119
31. Ripanti, E & Tjahjono, B 2019, 'Unveiling the Potentials of Circular Economy Values in Logistics and Supply Chain Management', The International Journal of Logistics Management, p.22. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJLM-04-2018-0109
32. Polet M., Aspert V.S, Huitema N.: Logistics in the transition to a circular economy: white paper. Amsterdam: Copper, 2020. p.7.
33. Blumberg F.D. (2005): Introduction to Management of Reverse logistics and Closed Loop Supply Chain Processes. Boca Raton London New York Washington, D.C.2005.
34. Brito P.M., Dekker R. (2002): Reverse Logistics – a framework. 2002. p.1. [accessed 25.02.2021
35. Rogers, D.S. & Tibben-Lembke, R. (1998). Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices. University of Nevada, Reno Center for Logistics Management. pp.64-65
36. Kovács G.: Circular economy vs.closed loop supply chains: what is under the Sun? in Constructing a green circular society. Helsinki: Faculty of social sciences, University of Helsinki, 2017. p. 8.
37. Stolka-Seroka O., Kubicka-Ociepa A.(2018): Green logistics and circular economy. Transportation Research Procedia 39 (2019) p.472.
38. Cramer, J. (2014): Milieu: Elementaire Deeltjes 16. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. 2014.
39. Heijden van der R., Coenen J., Riel V.A.: Transitioning from a linear economy towards a circular economy: the case of the apparel industry. in Constructing a green circular society. Helsinki: Faculty of social sciences, University of Helsinki, 2017. p.16.
40. Temjanovski, Riste and Jovanov, Tamara (2020) Transforming freight mobility in the cities and promoting of green logistics. Macedonian International Journal of Marketing, 6 (11). pp. 113-121. ISSN 1857-9787.
41. Saroha R.: Green Logistics & its Significance in Modern Day Systems. International Review of Applied Engineering Research. Volume 4, Number 1 (2014), pp. 89-92.
43. Ying J., Li-jun Z.(2012): Study on Green Supply Chain Management Based on Circular Economy. 2012 International Conference on Solid State Devices and Materials Science. p.1683.