Austro-Hungarian Military Reports in Mirzsteg Reforms in Macedonia

  • Verica Josimovska Faculty of educational sciences


During the early 20th century, the Macedonian issue in the Balkans gained intensity and attracted diverse audiences. The two major powers in the first tier, Austria-Hungary and Russia, created a reform programme in Mirzsteg that the Ottoman state was supposed to undertake in order to improve the position of its Christian populations. In the diplomatic sphere, Austria-Hungary has followed the events related to this initiative closely, but also took concrete actions in order to influence the processes in accordance with its interests and ambitions in the Balkans. Its role in implementing the reforms in Macedonia has been a subject of numerous reports written by the diplomatic and military officials.



Macedonia, Mirzsteg Reforms, Austria-Hungary, diplomacy, 1903.