GOALS, OBJECTIVES AND PRINCIPLES OF THE MECHANISM OF LEGAL REGULATION OF CONFLICT OF INTEREST BY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
The United Nations Convention against Corruption (art.7, para. 4) calls on each States
Parties to establish, maintain and strengthen systems that promote transparency and prevent
conflicts of interest. In their national legal systems, countries define the legal framework for
the concept of conflict of interest and the range of officials for whom it is unacceptable to be
in a situation of conflict of interest; determine the circle of persons of the official in relation
to which the implementation of this official of his official duties is limited; empower the
competent authorities to prevent and respond to officials in situations of conflict of interest,
etc. Each state builds its own mechanism for the legal regulation of conflicts of interest.
Determining the goals, objectives and principles of this mechanism, a person stands in the
center of it. A person as an official who is being inspected, and a person as a representative of
a supervisory body to prevent conflicts of interest in the activities of officials.
With the rapid development of technologies (including artificial intelligence), more and
more often, powers and solutions to various problems are transferred from a person to a
machine in order to resolve them more efficiently. In this regard, the question arises whether
artificial intelligence is able to significantly reduce the risks of a conflict of interest in state and
municipal institutions. If artificial intelligence is authorized to implement this, then what will
be the goals, objectives and principles of the mechanism for the legal regulation of conflicts
of interest by artificial intelligence. Will these goals, objectives and principles contribute to
the ordering of public relations, as well as to help meet the interests of the state and society.