Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice 2021-06-14T12:20:24+00:00 Emilija Petrova Gjorgjeva Open Journal Systems <p>&nbsp;<strong><em>Vospitanie</em></strong> - <strong>Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice</strong> is an official publication of the “Goce Delcev” University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Stip, Republic of Macedonia. It is published twice yearly. The journal publishes <strong>original scientific papers, short communications, reviews, professional and educational papers </strong>from all fields of advance the empirical, theoretical, and methodological understanding of education and learning. Particularly, papers that are interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach to the study and survey of the problems in education.</p> ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND THE BODY MASS INDEX OF 6 TO 9-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS 2021-06-14T12:10:59+00:00 Snezana Stavreva Veselinovska <p>Overweight and obesity are leading to nutrition-related disorders of clinical and public health concern. Assessment and classification of these conditions are dependent on specific body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) cutoff points. The body mass index (BMI) is the metric currently in use for defining anthropometric height/weight characteristics in adults and for classifying (categorizing) them into groups. The common interpretation is that it represents an index of an individual’s fatness. It also is widely used as a risk factor for the development of or the prevalence of several health issues. In addition, it is widely used in determining public health policies. The BMI has been useful in population- based studies by virtue of its wide acceptance in defining specific categories of body mass as a health issue. However, it is increasingly clear that BMI is a rather poor indicator of the percentage of body fat. Importantly, the BMI also does not capture information on the mass of fat in different body sites. The latter is related not only to untoward health issues, but to social issues as well. Lastly, current evidence indicates there is a wide range of BMIs over which mortality risk is modest, and this is age related. All of these issues are discussed in this brief review.</p> 2021-06-10T08:16:25+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice EFL COLLEGE STUDENTS’ SELF-ESTEEM AND ITS CORRELATION TO THEIR ATTITUDES TOWARDS INCLUSIVE EDUCATION 2021-06-14T12:11:54+00:00 Liqaa Habeb Al-Obaydi Julia Doncheva Nashruddin Nashruddin <p>This study deals with an important personality trait which is self-esteem and how this trait can effect directly on students decisions and relationships. More precisely, the present study attempts to show the kind of the correlation between students’ self-esteem and their attitudes towards inclusive education. Two instruments are used in this study to collect data; self-esteem questionnaire that have developed by Rosenberg (1965) and the attitude scale by Moberg &amp; Savolainen (2003). The participants are 140 college male and female students, their ages range between 20-25 years. They are all from the English department, college of education for human science, University of Diyala, Iraq. Results of the study demonstrate that there is no significant difference between male and female college students in self-esteem and in their attitudes towards inclusive education though male students seem more inclined than female students. Results also show that there is a significant correlation between students’ self-esteem and their attitudes towards inclusive education.</p> 2021-06-10T08:20:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice APPLICATION OF LITERARY ARTISTIC MODELS IN THE REALIZATION OF LITERATURE AND READING CONTENT 2021-06-14T12:12:35+00:00 Ardita Ceka Bujar Adili Gzim Xhambazi <p>Most of the acquisition of knowledge is realized through reading. The further success of the students will largely depend on the ways and the quality of mastering this activity. For this reason, in primary education classes, the mother tongue is represented by a wider range of classes. Part of its program is the program content <em>Reading and literature</em>. The purpose of this paper is the application of literary and artistic models, as creative models, in the realization of literary and artistic contents. These contents are selected pieces from different literary genres, represented in the textbooks of the mother tongue subject. School readings are literary works of art, written in prose or poetry, which must be read in their entirety by all students, for a certain period of time. Reading them, among other things, helps the development of reading skills and critical thinking, increase of interest in reading, development of imagination etc. In this paper, some creative teaching models are described, which help facilitate and understand textbooks with artistic content.</p> 2021-06-10T08:24:23+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice DISTANCE TEACHING OF MUSIC ART WITH THE HELP OF ICT 2021-06-14T12:13:13+00:00 Kristina Kern <p>Music art is a subject through which students get to know the folk tradition, get to know each other, become aware of each other’s differences, differences. They strengthen the psycho physical and social development. It helps us improve our mental abilities and also strengthens us physically. In this paper, I would like to show a few lessons in the subject of music art, in which students will learn about difference and expand knowledge, deepen their awareness of diversity. In these times when the world is changing radically (economy, health, public and cultural life, education), professionals in the field of education with the help of ICT equipment began to develop innovative ideas for working with our students, we began to build a new education system and training. We have introduced new learning approaches, methods, and techniques of teaching material through various applications and programs. I chose the MS Teams application to teach the material, where I prepared a special channel for students, which was secured and to which I added learning material every day, which we also processed and discussed at a video conference with my students. For example, in my posts I show a music art class where I show interactive work with my students. I prepared a Microsoft Power point for the lesson, thus enabling students to learn remotely with the help of ICT. At the video meeting, we felt like we were in school.</p> 2021-06-10T08:28:41+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice SAFE TEACHING FOR SAFE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS – IS THERE THE HIDDEN CRISIS? 2021-06-14T12:13:52+00:00 Marija Apostolova Nikolovska <p>Education is the cornerstone of development of each country and is recognized by the UN as a human right. Access to safe learning environments is a vital requirement at every stage of child’s education – from the preschool, during which a child’s brain undergoes 90% of its development, through to adolescence, when young people are prepared for the contributions they will then make to their communities, the economy and the wider world. This paper instigate мany questions for safe teaching: What do the data tell us about violence and cyberbullying? How can educational institutions counterbalancing this “situation”? Also is pointed, that no country can achieve inclusive and equitable quality education for all, if students experience violence and cyberbullying in educatonal institutions and beyond. A quality education can improve the life chances of individuals themselves, especially to girls and the communities around them. The purpose of this paper is not to analyze the proposed solutions for online teaching in terms of cyber security and protection of student privacy, but must point out a number of potential risks that the process itself carries. Namely, the lack of unified access to online teaching in the period March-June 2020 has led to almost every school collecting, storing and transferring personal data of students to a variety of software and web services. At the beginning of the new school year, it was start a single platform is used for all schools, and therefore competent institutions must to pay attention to data security and to respect the principles of privacy of children. This paper also raises the question what is the effect on children in this digital migration? The paper states that competent institutions need to have a macro and micro approach in order to provide a safe learning environment.</p> 2021-06-10T08:31:55+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice SEMANTIC FEATURES OF KINSHIP TERMS IN MACEDONIAN, ENGLISH AND GERMAN 2021-06-14T12:14:26+00:00 Tatjana Ulanska Dragana Kuzmanovska Snezana Kirova Biljana Ivanova <p>This paper describes the semantic features of kinship terms in Macedonian, English and German and attempts to make a complete analysis in these languages. The paper compares the semantics of kinship terms from a perspective of a comparative analysis of Macedonian, on one hand with English and German on the other, as they belong to different language groups. These terms have proven to have specific particularities which differ in system structure. The comparison between these three languages will show both similarities and differences in the lexical fields of kinship terms, especially in Macedonian to English and German. Kinship terms have been a subject of interest from various perspectives and analyses since these terms show unique national features. Additionally, they have been discussed and researched from a cultural aspect as well, since they seem to convey information about the cultural life of the people who speak a certain language. Therefore, kinship terms can also be seen as a social symbol. The paper provides an insight into the comparative analysis presenting similarities and differences in the lexical fields of kinship terms and, finally, draws a few conclusions and insights concerning their cultural peculiarities.</p> 2021-06-10T08:43:55+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice SPORTS ACTIVITIES IN TELEWORKING WITH STUDENTS OF THE 1ST AND 2ND TRIAD 2021-06-14T12:15:09+00:00 Uroš Stanković <p>At a time when various changes in the economy are taking place in the world, VIZ professionals are also feeling changes in the field of education. Teachers, educators, and other professionals in the field of education are looking for various opportunities for improvement, presentation, and introduction of innovation in various fields of learning and education of students. Since September 2020, when the new school year began, sports educators have noticed a big drop in the field of psycho-physical and social development of students. As an expert in the field of sports, I can say that for me, sport is an art through which we express and strengthen the mental as well as motor and social abilities of the students we teach. For this reason, I also activated sports activities at our school in teleworking, which we then continued after returning to school. Teleworking due to Covid-19 has led to deterioration in all areas. I found that students’ motor skills deteriorated. To improve, I started looking for different resources and opportunities to help students with distance learning and in school, through which they will strengthen their skills in different areas. After consulting with the principal, counsellors, and sports assets, we agreed to perform various sports activities through the MS Teams application, where we presented various movement activities and activities with which children began to redevelop their motor skills. We found (also with the help of measurements for sports education card) that the body weight of students increased during teleworking, and decreased mobility, strength and, above all, endurance. The very motivation to get involved in MS Teams and to have the opportunity to work with their classmates in different sports areas has influenced their psycho-physical, cognitive, and social development. Students learned about different sports, chatted, or talked to classmates in a virtual environment, and shared some experiences. Therefore, I decided to present in the article some games that I learned with students in distance learning and continued with these games in school.</p> 2021-06-10T08:48:46+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice PRIDE AND HUMILITY (semantic analysis of virtues and their antipodes) 2021-06-14T12:16:34+00:00 Violeta Nikolovska <p>The aim of our research is the semantic field of the virtue <em>dignity</em>, with lexemes that are related and opposed to it (pride, ugly, beautiful, calm, humility, modest). Since this is a virtue, the analysis will be performed in a philosophical-theological context. We will also take into account the etymological analysis of the lexemes and the implications of their etymology in terms of semantics and vocabulary enrichment. The analysis will be performed based on the use of the lexemes from this semantic field in contexts of contemporary Macedonian language and literature.</p> 2021-06-10T08:51:13+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice A NEW TYPE OF ANTI-FAIRY TALE AGAINST PREJUDICE 2021-06-14T12:19:47+00:00 Jovanka Denkova <p>In this article we refer to a newer work of contemporary Macedonian literature for children. It is about the novel „Zvezda Mrak and the Creatures from Straskograd” from the contemporary Macedonian writer for children, member of the latest generation of authors for children and youth - Biljana S. Crvenkovska. The original concept on which this work is based, intrigues us to pay more attention to it, because without a doubt, the work deserves it. Namely, the work is based on the story and its basic elements, but the author only takes the conception and structure of the story to speak about today, about some universal problems of humanity, such as stigmatization, discrimination, rejection of all those, and everything which is different from the usual.</p> 2021-06-10T08:54:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice TEACHING FORMS, METHODS AND TECHNIQUES USED BY EFL TEACHERS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON INTROVERTED STUDENTS 2021-06-14T12:20:24+00:00 Ana Koceva <p>The forms and methods of teaching used by teachers of EFL have a direct effect over the students’ learning process and their final achievements. The way that students will accept a certain teaching style depends on their own behaviour and personality as well as the teacher’s ability to successfully manage and conduct the forms and methods of teaching. In this paper I define different types of forms, methods and techniques used in Secondary schools in North Macedonia, and I emphasize some that have become very widely accepted and used. Furthermore, I list some disadvantages that these popular forms, methods and techniques of teaching have over introverted students. Finally, I elaborate on the most adequate forms and methods of teaching English as a foreign language that will enable the teacher to successfully include and engage introverted students, and to be satisfy the needs of the other students as well.</p> 2021-06-10T08:56:28+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice