Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice 2023-01-30T10:26:42+00:00 Emilija Petrova Gjorgjeva Open Journal Systems <p>&nbsp;<strong><em>Vospitanie</em></strong> - <strong>Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice</strong> is an official publication of the “Goce Delcev” University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Stip, Republic of Macedonia. It is published twice yearly. The journal publishes <strong>original scientific papers, short communications, reviews, professional and educational papers </strong>from all fields of advance the empirical, theoretical, and methodological understanding of education and learning. Particularly, papers that are interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach to the study and survey of the problems in education.</p> EVALUATION OF IMPLEMENTATION AND CONTENT OF THE SELECTED INDIVIDUALIZED PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS 2023-01-30T10:26:41+00:00 Urška Kužner Kačar <p>During our education, each of us met peers who had learning difficulties or who responded in a different and incomprehensible way to us. Children, who today are defined by the single term children with special needs, have a greater chance of being successful, gained through the planned introduction of inclusion in our school system. In this way, Slovenian education has opened up space for those children who deviate from what society defines as normal. Everyone deserves inclusion, in the process of which we are interested in the position of people who are considered marginal in a given society. The words ethics, justice and solidarity are associated with the concept of inclusion. Inclusion should go beyond integration, it's not just about physically bringing together children without problems and children with problems, it's about going beyond ideologies. Inclusion is therefore a complex process that cannot succeed overnight. All employees at the school must strive for it, because only with cooperation and acceptance will we take a step forward.</p> <p>An important part of the treatment of a student with special needs is also the preparation of an individualized program. The article explains the creation of an individualized program, the collection of documentation, the recording of a functioning assessment, the planning of goals, evaluations and cooperation in the preparation of the program with professionals, parents and the child.</p> 2023-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice SUPPORTING PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILD’S DEVELOPMENT OF SELF-ESTEEM THROUGH SOCIAL SKILL TRAINING 2023-01-30T10:26:41+00:00 Veronika Tepež Tratnik <p>The aim of this research article is to bring theory of child's development through primary school and theory of social skills training into practice. Knowing the background of child's development, can provide us with an answer on their current development milestones and how to support them and their needs. Our focus was on their social skills, more specifically character education. We hypothesize, that children with better knowledge of their personality traits, which can be developed through social skills training, generally perform better in school (academically, emotionally, behaviourally). We selected five activities that promote the targeted topic and carried them out among students from 4<sup>th</sup> to 7<sup>th</sup> grade. Class teachers were additionally involved in training with their students, as they were responsible for transferring methods of self-esteem promotion through strengthening individuals’ personality traits in everyday school activities. Character education is used as starting point for further self-esteem enhancement.</p> 2023-01-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice DEVELOPING AN INTERCULTURAL CURRICULUM - AN OVERVIEW OF THE POSSIBILITIES OF ITS APPLICATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL’S DAILY LIFE 2023-01-30T10:26:41+00:00 Bujar Adili Gzim Xhambaz <p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Intercultural education should promote and develop a better understanding of cultures in modern society, an increased ability to communicate between people of different cultures, a much more flexible attitude towards cultural diversity in society, a greater willingness of people to engage actively in social interaction with people from another cultural origin as well as the recognition of the basic features of human nature as something in common. Thus, the basic goal of intercultural education will be to promote and develop the capacities of those who learn about mutual interaction and communication with the world around them, even when differences are present. To achieve all this through teaching in schools, concrete measures should be taken such as: learning to be based on cultural and linguistic diversity, to include a range of different cultural knowledge, experiences and perspectives in the curriculum, to celebrate, to to value and learn the history and life of different cultures and indigenous peoples, visits to culturally important places and intercultural experiences. Institutions must also ensure education that is historically accurate, impartial, culturally appropriate.</p> 2023-01-24T21:19:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROFESSIONAL LEARNING COMMUNITY - A CASE STUDY OF THE HINKA SMREKAR SCHOOL 2023-01-30T10:26:41+00:00 Igorcho Angelov <p>Every person is constantly educated and perfects their knowledge in various fields from an early age. Involuntarily or with reason, he gets involved in various social diversities. He collaborates, changes, builds and succeeds in realizing what he has acquired and learned over time. Thus, from birth, he is included in the society of his family, then in kindergarten, elementary school, high school, college, etc. When he grows up, he acquires competence, he joins an organization that requires him to demonstrate what he has learned so far. Thus, it starts building a new system of its own operation/functioning again, which leads to the establishment of a kind of professional relationship between the organization and the new person. Based on his competences, this person is starting to get involved, cooperate and build first himself, and then the organization. At the same time, both the person and the organization have a need for each other. When this limit is reached, and the person has become involved in the functioning of the organizational environment, relationships with other participating factors begin to be built, first internal (employees) and then external (customers, partners). This starts a circle of cooperation that must follow the organization. For successful operation, it is necessary that the new person cooperates with everyone involved in the organization. This is how the relationship begins to develop, roles begin to be distributed, action begins, the main goal and side goals are assigned, and finally everyone follows the whole organization.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>In one way or another, each of us finds ourselves in a certain cycle of events, which we then follow. Even in a learning organization, this cycle must begin and eventually be successfully completed.</p> <p>We conducted research on their learning organization. The teachers completed a questionnaire that helped us learn how they built their learning organization. We wanted to find out how they acquire new knowledge and how they participate in smaller or expanded activities or those of you. It was very important that we wanted to demonstrate whether they cooperate effectively and whether they are focused on the goals they have set in the annual work plan. Through the questionnaire, we wanted to find out whether they were guided, directed and motivated by the manager in achieving a certain goal. We also wanted to find out whether they follow innovative trends around the world and the promotion of sustainable development in education.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>In the seminar assignment, we also show what needs to be emphasized when participating in teams or assets.</p> 2023-01-24T21:25:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice AN EXAMPLE OF MULTISENSORY TEACHING IN THE SUBJECT SOCIETY IN THE 5th GRADE OF A PRIMARY SCHOOL IN SLOVENIA 2023-01-30T10:26:41+00:00 Urša Batis Savnik <p>All of us who work with students (both younger and older) know that teaching is a demanding and responsible job. From the teacher it requires love and understanding of the students and the learning material, dedication to work and, finally, a vision from which he/she can draw energy in moments of weakness and uncertainty. An essential part of a teacher's development is lifelong learning, which takes place in various ways: through research, articles, books, contributions, and mutual exchange of opinions with experts from similar fields of work and activity. In the way, we spread our awareness of changes in society and are aware of the needs that the modern world demands from us and the future adults we are now teaching.</p> <p>Teaching in the modern world cannot take place in a formal way, but it is necessary to understand the results of researches done in the field of human development, which suggests a different way of teaching with the aim of achieving the most optimal results.</p> <p>The article is divided into four substantive parts: in the first part, I devote myself to the theoretical explanation of the modern way of teaching and why understanding changes is necessary. Then I will explain the importance of the mustisensory teaching method and define the learning types of students and their characteristics. This will be followed by an explanation of the importance of teacher preparation for the multisensory way of teaching. I will present an example of preparation for teaching in the subject society in the 5th grade of primary school, where I will describe my method of inclusion and consideration of the principle of multisensory. In the evaluation, I will summarize my opinion about the lesson and conclude my article by thinking about the positive sides of the mentioned teaching method.</p> 2023-01-24T21:30:45+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice Problems in children's behavior and the responses of society 2023-01-30T10:26:41+00:00 Vaska Zdravkova <p>The purpose of the publication is to get acquainted with the many points of view of various stakeholders on the emergence, course and changes in the behavior of children in Republic of North Macedonia today and the ways in which society copes with this phenomenon and the effectiveness of social interventions. A quality research methodology was applied and interviews and focus groups were conducted with a total of 85 participants (children, parents, teachers, experts, journalists and decision-makers). The data were processed according to the principles of qualitative thematic analysis, and the results provided answers to research questions. In this research, the multi-perspective proved important for understanding how the phenomenon is understood, its origin and consequences, and identifying what does not work, that is, in part, and what needs to be done to mitigate the phenomenon.</p> 2023-01-25T06:33:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice YOU ARE NOT MY FRIEND ANYMORE AND I WILL NOT PLAY WITH YOU 2023-01-30T10:26:41+00:00 Andreja Cerkvenik <p>At school, we encounter different types of violence, but most often with peer violence. In this paper, we present the definition of peer to peer violence and its most common forms.</p> <p>In the paper, in the theoretical part, we focus on peer violence in the first grade, which as a long-term teacher of the first grades I encounter the most. In a practical example, we present the methods and forms of work that we used in the 1st grade and that proved to be successful in my work.</p> <p>We know that there are many different types of violence. The treatment must also be different for each individual. We can help each other with advice, protocols, literature and general laws. All of the above helps us to identify and deal with peer violence more effectively. We also touched on this topic in the theoretical part.</p> <p>It is important that we all realize that violence exists and that when we detect it, we deal with it effectively.</p> 2023-01-25T06:38:22+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice PARENTING AS A SOCIOCULTURAL PHENOMENON – CURRENT PROBLEMS OF PROSOCIAL FUNCTIONING 2023-01-30T10:26:41+00:00 Sofiya Dermendzhieva Gergana Dyankova Daniela Tasevska <p><strong>Abstract: </strong>The interest in the social inclusion of the child escalates in the conditions of transition, because as a finding of the society and the well-being of the future generations depend and determine the features of its progress. Given the fact that the modern age has its own ways of regulating, preserving, reproducing and developing social life, it is strongly argued that it is important to discuss its characteristics. The focus is on the social changes that give rise to atypical childhood interventions. The social development of the "I" is characterized as a complex continuous process, given the complex form of internalization. The process of realization of "I" in society depends on the characteristics of communication in the parental subsystem. It mediates the formed social perception in the child, provokes his activity and is the main criterion for adequate socialization. The socializing effect of parental behavior in childhood enables the child to construct his own identity through the development of a motivational environment for communication. This article proposes a model for constructive communication in the parental subsystem, oriented towards affective adaptation of preschool children. In the context of the proposed model, social conflict and social integration are seen as socializing procedures.</p> 2023-01-25T06:43:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice SIX THINKING HATS METHOD FOR INTERPRETING FAIRY TALES 2023-01-30T10:26:41+00:00 Nataša Jozičić <p>Encouraging critical thinking in pupils is important, as by developing this skill, they learn self-reflection, evaluation, argumentation, reasoning, tolerance for different views, empathy and striving for the truth. When teaching literature in the first educational period, teachers can encourage critical thinking when dealing with literary texts. We can implement De Bono’s thinking hats method adapted to lower-level pupils, in which we contemplate a problem from the perspective of six hats. The six hats method involves parallel thinking, in which all participants simultaneously think within the framework of one hat colour. Each of the six hats is a different colour and has its own meaning. Thinking under the hats takes place in the context of a selected fairy tale, which pupils interpret by presenting their points of view by taking into account the characteristics of the hats. By means of hats, pupils face the fairy tale, solve the problem that appears in it as a group, and thus get to know themselves, other pupils and their way of thinking. The hat method has a positive effect on the pupils’ literature lessons, as they show greater reading motivation and develop critical and creative thinking. They actively discuss, and participate in, what they read, evaluate the text, present their knowledge, touch upon their emotions and thoughts, and seek new ideas and solutions regarding the content of what they read. The purpose of the paper is to present an adapted six hats method in the teaching of literature, which is carried out in the third grade of primary school.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> lower level, literary text, critical thinking, parallel thinking, six thinking hats method</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT IN EDUCATION - TEACHERS' RESISTANCE TO THE USE OF ELECTRONIC BOARDS (SMART) 2023-01-30T10:26:42+00:00 Irena Kitanova <p><em>ABSTRACT: Modern and innovative management in education requires full commitment to work, responsibility and efficiency in performing tasks that ultimately leads to the success or failure of the manager. When the managerial function is performed in the educational process, in scientific research or in the educational activity, then success is related to a number of other factors that produce the character of the institution, such as the specifics of their business, the wider the importance of these institutions for development. general country, qualification structure, etc.</em></p> <p><em>Referring to these segments of the characteristics of a successful principal manager in the school and starting from the fact that the managerial skills of a principal in the education system is evaluated in managing the innovations or changes that occur in the school and knowing the fact that these changes show resistance tendencies from both teachers and other school staff, the technical, administrative and pedagogical, this theoretical-empirical work includes a concise analysis of a resistance of teachers that was presented within several years of education (2013-2019) to the use of the Whiteboard in the teaching process in high school. It is worth mentioning that with the increase of the number of Electronic Boards in the school, as an innovation, the number of processors that show resistance to their use also increased and in the last two years it is worth mentioning that with the measures and mechanisms undertaken by the principal (organizing trainings in the school for the use of Electronic Boards and rewards for teachers who achieve concrete success with the use of Electronic Boards) so, in the last two years this resistance is exhausted and decreases.</em></p> <p><em>KEYWORDS:</em> <em>Management; Change management in education; Educational methods; ICT in education; Smart electronic tables</em></p> 2023-01-25T06:51:38+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice Development of web application towards creating a continuous supportive learning environment for 45+, low educated and low skilled adults 2023-01-30T10:26:42+00:00 Riste Timovski Ana Atanasova Tome Carvalho Ana Isabel Herrantz Zentarski Tatjana A. Pacemska <p>Most of the educators (teachers) are broadly versatile when they are working with learners that are literate on high levels (well educated or prepared). But, when low literate and/or low educated learners are concerned, many difficulties arise. Pretty important group of people are those who are functionally illiterate. International project was conducted in the period 2020-2022 with its main goal to ensure the adult educators to possess the necessary skills and competencies for creating motivating, productive and effective learning environment for adults with educational levels that are below the needs of the modern society regarding its professional, cultural and social aspect. The main intellectual output (out of three) was the web application integrating all the aspects of the issues targeted.</p> 2023-01-25T06:55:20+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice Investigation of students’ motivation and anxiety at the Military Academy ‘General Mihailo Apostolski’ while learning English as a foreign language 2023-01-30T10:26:42+00:00 Snezana Kirova Biljana Ivanova Elena Trajanovska <p>Consideration of learners’ anxiety reactions in learning to speak another language by a language teacher is deemed highly important in order to assist them to achieve the intended performance goals in the target language. This study has attempted to investigate the factors that language anxiety can possibly stem from, both within the classroom environment and out of classroom in the wider social context, and the motivation needed for improving that anxiety by giving recommendations of a variety of strategies to cope with it. This study used a qualitative semi-structured interview format and a focus-group discussion technique to investigate the issue. Students of the Military Academy - ESL/EFL learners participated in the investigation. The findings suggest that language anxiety can originate from learners’ own sense of ‘self’, their self-related cognition, language learning difficulties, differences in learners’ and target language cultures, differences in the social status of the speakers and interlocutors, and from the fear of losing self-identity. The pedagogical implications of these findings for understanding second/foreign language anxiety for enhancing learners’ communication abilities in the target language were discussed in accordance to the anxiety level with the motivation needed, as are suggestions for future research.</p> 2023-01-25T06:59:09+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice A CONTRASTIVE STUDY OF GERMAN AND MACEDONIAN PROVERBS AND SAYINGS WITH AN ANIMAL COMPONENT 2023-01-30T10:26:42+00:00 Dragana Kuzmanovska Snezana Kirova <p>There is a lot of information and testimonies about proverbs and sayings (PSs), about their existence, duration and about their significant role in everyday life. Thanks to the global approach to scientific knowledge, we can be convinced of the unusual power of PSs, of their penetration into all spheres of society, of human activity and of their distribution. It is their popularity that has attracted our interest and pulled us into the labyrinths of language; to make the research topic more original and vivid, we inserted the animalisms through which human character traits and wisdoms are transmitted.</p> <p>This contrastive paper deals with the analysis of German PSs with an animal component and their Macedonian equivalents. We tried to determine the animal component that is most represented in German and Macedonian PSs, i.e., whether it is the same component or a completely different one. During our research, we tried to give an answer to questions as: <em>Do PSs from the two languages have some similarities despite the different language groups they belong and do they have common elements</em>? For an adequate and relevant answer, we first tried to define the terms proverb and saying and explain their similarities and differences.</p> 2023-01-25T07:01:33+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice