Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie <p>&nbsp;<strong><em>Vospitanie</em></strong> - <strong>Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice</strong> is an official publication of the “Goce Delcev” University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Stip, Republic of Macedonia. It is published twice yearly. The journal publishes <strong>original scientific papers, short communications, reviews, professional and educational papers </strong>from all fields of advance the empirical, theoretical, and methodological understanding of education and learning. Particularly, papers that are interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach to the study and survey of the problems in education.</p> “Goce Delcev” University, Stip , Faculty of Educational Sciences, Republic of Macedonia en-US Воспитание / Vospitanie - Journal of Educational Sciences, Theory and Practice 1857-5331 Address by the Dean https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3600 Emilija Petrova Gorgeva Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 Table of content https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3601 <p>Tabel of content</p> Emilja Petrova Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 EXAMPLES OF INSTRUCTIONS FOR DISTANCE TEACHING IN 1ST CLASS https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3602 <p>An epidemic was declared in Slovenia on 16 March 2020. Life came to a standstill, cities fell silent, most people stayed at home. However, the use of information and communication technology has increased, as services and teaching took place at a distance. In education, we encountered various problems, such as, lack of IT equipment, lack of knowledge to use IT equipment, unresponsiveness of students and parents. In a short time, we had to learn various tools with which we tried to bring the material closer to the students and communicate with them and their parents. The subject matter had to be reduced and adapted to the students' level of knowledge. In 1st grade, where students do not yet read independently, a connection was established between teachers and parents. Parents took on the role of teachers at home, the task of teachers was to help them as much as possible. Based on the response from parents and students, I did well with the work instructions below.</p> Aleksandra Kotnik Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 1 14 ONLINE FLUTE TEACHING -knowledge and experience https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3604 <p>Digitalization in society, the dominance of the Internet, and the created virtual world have pervaded the entire community. It also affected flute teaching. The instructional model called online instruction for flute teaching has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. This research presents the knowledge but also the practical experiences from the preparation and realization of on-line flute teaching. Such knowledge leads to the creation of a new model of flute teaching in which the advantages of online flute teaching will help overcome the shortcomings of direct teaching, which will increase the efficiency and effectiveness of flute teaching in general.<br>Key words: distance learning, flute, student, teacher.</p> Angelina Katmerova Aleksova Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 15 19 THE INTERCULTURAL SENSITIVITY OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE REPUBLIC OF NORTH MACEDONIA https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3605 <p>The research aimed to determine the intercultural competence levels of primary school teachers. The research questions examined problems of intercultural competence of teachers working in a multicultural school and in a monocultural school such as the level of ethnocentrism and ethnorelativism and the level of intercultural competence in the dimension of global competence (substantive knowledge, perceptual understanding and intercultural communication). An online quantitative survey through the Intercultural Sensitivity Index (ISI) was used to collect data. The research was conducted on a purposive sample of 53 primary school teachers in multiethnic regions of North-West Macedonia. Data processing was performed using SPSS. Key findings reveal that the intercultural sensitivity of primary school teachers is middling (M=3.19). Teachers working in a multicultural school have developed a higher level of intercultural competence (M=3.22) compared to teachers working in a monocultural school (M=3.15). Teachers need professional development in the field of intercultural education. They also need international mobility.<br>Keywords: ethnocentrism, ethnorelativism, intercultural competence, intercultural communication</p> Sonja Petrovska Bujar Adili Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 20 30 THE TEXT METHOD IN THE HISTORY TEACHING REVEALS NEW KNOWLEDCE AND TRUTHS https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3606 <p>This paper deals with everything related to the text method in history teaching as an indispensable component for creating scientific and confirmed truths in all forms such as literary, historical, cultural monuments, creative works, written documents, fiction, magazines obtained in different ways and from different sources.<br>Special emphasis is given to results achieved by the text method such as motivation, creativity, interest, discovery of new information and data, facts, development of mental activity, and the acquired knowledge is useful and lasting. The paper also explains the responsibility in choosing this method, the weight, the scope of responsibility, one's own criteria and all the assessments that serve to evaluate the knowledge, as well as more complex problems from the past, present and future.<br>Key words: history, truth, tradition, knowledge, method, literary texts, creativity, motivation, teaching, learning process.</p> Olivera Pasterk Oliver Cackov Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 31 36 REVIEW OF POLICIES AND MODELS FOR THE INTEGRATION OF MINORITY GROUPS IN MULTICULTURAL SOCIETIES https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3607 <p>There is not a contemporary society which is not multi-ethnic and multi-cultural in its base and structure. This fact derives from the period of the old-world empires: Ancient Macedonia, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russia etc. These empires were spread over large territories, some even on different continents, and lasted for centuries. Various ethnic, cultural, religious and linguistic groups were part of these empires. The survival of the empires mostly depended on an established unity among the various groups. For these reasons, they had to find appropriate mechanisms for regulating the already complex multi-ethnic relations.<br>Contemporary multicultural societies face the same challenges: how to create coexistence among the various cultural and ethnic communities; how to create a feeling of mutual belonging in all members of the political community; how to fulfill all requests of cultural diversity; how to obtain a political unity; and how to preserve the society.<br>Kew words: culture, cultural diversity, cultural identity, cultural rights, multicultural societies, coexistence, political unity, social integration.</p> Daniela Koceva Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 37 48 THE REFLECTION OF INTERACTIVE-EMPATHIC RELATIONSHIPS IN EDUCATION OF FLUTE https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3608 <p>This paper focuses on the problem of empathic interaction in flute teaching and the reflection of effective and efficient teaching. Theoretical-empirical knowledge and experience speak to the importance and role of empathy in individual teaching and its impact on quality and success in individual teaching, to offer some recommendations for the dominance of empathic elements in the interaction in flute teaching.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: empathy, quality, teaching, interaction.</p> Elena Miraschieva Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 49 54 THE EFFICIENCY OF IMPLEMENTING PROGRAM CONTENT THROUGH DISTANCE LEARNING https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3609 <p>The organization of the educational process has no uniform past. Various social, economic, cultural and health circumstances have forced educational systems to organize and implement other forms of teaching in addition to direct forms. Extraordinary situations caused by various factors or war situations have caused partial or complete interruption of the educational process. From a didactic point of view, different ways of compensating for lost parts have been devised and put into operation. In didactics, condensed learning is known, as a form of teaching work through which only the most exemplary contents are realized. This year, the world faces a challenge that brought the entire globe to its knees. Education systems, which were forced to close schools to protect public health, were not ignored. For the first time in the history of teaching, the whole world organized distance learning for a very short time. The problems faced by educational systems in organizing distance learning are numerous, with the most important being the preparation of students for independent work and the criteria for selecting teaching content that must be implemented in the new circumstances. It is very difficult, almost impossible, in this way to realize the contents from all areas, which are equally important for the development of the individual.<br><strong>Keywords</strong>: distance learning, teaching content, independent work</p> Gzim Xhambazi Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 55 61 REMOTE KNOWLEDGE ASSESSMENT https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3610 <p>The current turbulent times have led economies to a major transition. Life has changed people, behavior, habits and acceptance of responsibilities. In addition, the educational has changed a system by which the younger generations are educated. Psychosocial development has changed of each individual. Overnight, we professionals in the pedagogical field had to take responsibility for work we had never done before. We have taken on the responsibilities of educating students at a distance. By doing so, we have changed the foundations of our education system. We are teachers we missed the interaction, the warm smiles and hugs of the students, we missed the everyday changes that the day brought us. The students missed our explanations, our smiles, facial expressions and gestures. In fact, we missed a lot of what makes us happy and cheerful at school.<br>In the first part of the paper, I describe the subject and substance that we will evaluate at a distance. In the second parts I present a case study of substance assessment in individual subjects we are learning in the 3rd grade of primary school (hereinafter primary school).<br><strong>Key words</strong>: teleworking, forms, methods, verification, evaluation.</p> Igorcho Angelov Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 62 70 COLLABORATIVE EFFECTIVE MODELS BETWEEN PRESCHOOL INSTITUTIONS, CHILDREN AND PARENTS https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3611 <p>Harmonious development of the child's personality requires unity, coherence of all activities and actions on the part of adults. The role of the family in creating such coherence is paramount, because it is the first institution for socialization, having a decisive influence on the development of the basic personality traits of the child, the formation of his moral and positive potential. It was in the family that he received the first lessons in morality, character formation, citizenship. The starting positions are set in the family. Therefore, the work of preschool institutions is extremely important, one of the main ones, namely to multiply the pedagogical knowledge among parents.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: collaboration, models, preschools, family, children</p> Julia Doncheva Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 71 78 SMARTPHONES AS ESSENTIAL EDUCATIONAL TOOLS IN THE EFL CLASSROOM https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3612 <p>The world around us has changed and smartphones are present in every aspect of our daily lives. This advanced technology can benefit both students and teachers. However, teachers in North Macedonia still resist the changes that are essential for achieving a 21st century classroom.<br>One simple and affordable way of improving the educational process is by using the smartphone as a teaching and a learning tool in the classroom. The successful implementation of smartphones in the regular curriculum will benefit both teachers and students.<br>In this paper I will discuss the most common obstacles that students and teachers face, the appropriate solutions for those obstacles and the general advantages of the smartphone as an educational tool in the classroom. I will also offer practical examples for using the smartphones in the EFL classroom.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: smartphones, secondary schools, EFL.</p> Ana Koceva Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 79 85 FAMILY, SCHOOL AND ASOCIAL BEHAVIOR https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3613 <p>The social behavior of students in the society and at school is a very current problem, especially in recent times when scenes of violence and delinquency of children and adults have become commonplace. This behavior is caused by a syndrome of factors that affects societys, schools, familys, and personalitys and it manifestes in a variety of ways. Therefore, when analyzing the asocial behavior of students, it is necessary to analyze the action of each factor, and especially the relationship of family relationships as a factor that is often considered to have a decisive influence on the criminal pathology of youth and adults. In addition to family relationships, the subject of analysis should be the school living conditions and other socio-experimental characteristics.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: family, school, society, risky behavior</p> Marija Stamenova Emilija Petrova Gorgeva Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 86 91 ASSESSMENT OF ART COMPETENCIES DURING REMOTE LEARNING IN FIFTH GRADE https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3614 <p>The article deals with the case of conducting remote learning, where students enjoyed independent activities in fine arts. It focuses solely on planning, conducting knowledge assessment, and its evaluation.<br>The introductory part briefly defines the concepts of distance learning and distance learning. The case study, as presented below, included the introduction of distance learning activities in which the teacher would check the development of students' artistic competencies. In the continuation of the article, the theoretical starting points for the placement of art activities are then discussed, which are considered as a set of testing knowledge in the article. The concepts of competence and artistic competence, the development of which was measured by testing knowledge, are defined in more detail. The central part then presents the knowledge test and evaluation instructions, as well as individual data that shed light on the issue. This is followed by a brief commentary through the prism of theoretical starting points.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: remote learning, competencies, art competencies, knowledge testing, evaluation.</p> Matija Purkat Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 92 104 THE INFLUENCE OF EVALUATION ON STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION TO LEARN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3615 <p>Motivation has inspired а lot of authors to identify its characteristics. It has also inspired students and teachers to learn and teach foreign languages through its different types and provide different results in teaching and learning the language. This is closely connected to how evaluation has the potential to influence students and motivate them to learn a foreign language and how teachers should find easier or more difficult ways of evaluating them, depending on what kind of motivation is involved during the class. This paper deals with the issue of how different evaluation methods provide opportunities for students to meet different motives. The students do that by answering a questionnaire, which is the initial hypothesis of it. The target groups are the third year students from the departments of English language and literature, German language and literature, and Macedonian language and literature at the Faculty of Philology, Goce Delcev University – Stip, 15 from each department. The students answer to 15 questions concerning the different methods they are evaluated by. They provide feedback by answering the questions and they give their opinion about the different types of evaluation methods. The results are used to give us an insight into the influence of different evaluation methods on students’ motivation, so that we can see whether they are actually the main reason why students learn or do not learn foreign languages, and to serve as inspiration to teachers to be familiar with which types of evaluation methods decrease or increase the level of motivation while learning a foreign language. As a result, they are able to use those methods in future in order to improve the level of foreign language knowledge the students should possess and gain.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: education, learning, motivation, evaluation, foreign language</p> Biljana Ivanova Dragana Kuzmanovska Snezana Kirova Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 105 110 COMPARISON OF STUDENT’S POSITION AT SCHOOL IN THE PAST AND NOWADAYS https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3616 <p>The aim of this paper is to verify the position of students in elementary and lower secondary. Through this research we want to gain insight into students' involvement in making decisions in school as well as to find out what is the relation between students and teachers, the relationship between teachers themselves and what is the safety of students in school.<br>The research was carried out in six primary and lower secondary schools where 120 students were involved from the sixth to the ninth grade. The choice of students is random both for the success they gain and for the class they attend. As we have stated, school is a place where all active subjects need to create good relationships for the purpose of better results. The student should be allowed to socialize, to participate freely and responsibly in the school work. Therefore, the student will gain experience and will benefit the school, the community to which it belongs and the whole society. The school management and teachers are the most responsible for the good position of students in school.<br>By their approach, with understanding and engagement, they can influence the creation of a climate in a school that will develop co-operation, respect, tolerance and responsibility. Depending on how much we allow students to get involved in making decisions and other school activities inasmuch we will have so much better interpersonal relationships and better functioning of the school. The parents are slightly interested and they are an important factor for all the events which come to pass both inside and outside the school. All of this is largely influenced by the parents’ bad opinion about school, low employment of parents, poor teachers' salaries that are not maximally dedicated to the school and also the environment in which students spend time after school.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: school, the student's position in school, participation, decision-making</p> Salija Bangoi Emilija Petrova Gorgeva Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 111 115 THE IMPACT OF THE USAGE OF WEB ANIMATION IN TEACHING MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3617 <p>Although microscopy has long been used as a valuable teaching tool, the use of computer animation in teaching has recently expanded. Animation can have advantages over microscopy, including simplification, unlimited resolution and magnification, ability to highlight certain symbols within a complex background, control of motion, shape, or color changes, and the step- wise fading in and out of symbols. To address the different learning styles of students, and be- cause students can access animation from off-faculty computers, the use of digital animation in teaching molecular and cell biology has become increasingly popular. Sample processes from molecular cell biology that are more clearly presented in animation than in static illustrations are identified. The value of animation is evaluated on whether the process being taught involves motion, cellular location, or sequential order of numerous events. Finally, future teaching tools for all fields of biology will increasingly benefit from an expansion of animation to the use of simulation. One purpose of this review is to encourage the widespread use of animations in biology teaching by discussing the nature of digital animation.<br>Over the last decade, the unifying approach of many biology courses has evolved from an emphasis on the whole organism to a concentration on the molecular and cellular basis of life. This change reflects the recent shift in biology research toward an approach that addresses questions of function, structure, development, and evolution at the molecular and cellular levels. To reflect these discoveries, students in freshman-level general biology courses are taught that organisms are made of cells, that eukaryotic cells are compartmentalized into organelles while prokaryotic cells are not, and that cellular life is maintained by molecular and cellular processes. Naturally, the complexity of these processes and their interrelation is often difficult for the novice student to understand.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: computer animation, teaching, molecular and cellular biology, cell, organelles, mitosis, meiosis, student achievement.</p> Snezana Stavreva Veselinovska Anastasija Stavreva Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 116 130 WHY DO CHILDREN SPEND LESS TIME IN THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT? https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3618 <p>this paper we represent the results from research made on children from 3-7 years old age in kindergartens in urban and rural environment. Results are statistically processed from which the results obtained give us the conclusion about the connection of the children with the natural environment.<br>This natural connection has been replaced in various ways – greater interaction with the digital (‘plugged-in’) world, less unstructured outdoor play, and via growing urbanization. This decreased exposure to nature has consequences that we are just beginning to understand. Research across disciplines now suggests that this disconnect (both figurative and literal) has far-reaching consequences for the health and well-being of both individuals and the natural environment in which they act. Children are smarter, cooperative, happier and healthier when they have frequent and varied opportunities for free and unstructured play in the outdoors.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: children, nature, natural world, natural connection, kindergartens.</p> Snezana Stavreva Veslinovska Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 131 143 THE FOLKLORE BASIS OF LILA ARSOVA'S ARTISTIC TALE https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3619 <p>This article explores the link between folk and artistic tales. First, we make reference to the folklore and folk tales, their features, themes and motifs, characters rather be specified features of the folk tale. Therefore, a comparative analysis of those folklore elements is made in the stories of Lila Arsova from her book „Prikazni kraj vodeničkite kamenja“ ("Stories near the millstones"). As a conclusion it follows that the art literature, analyzed through the tales of Lila Arsova, is written under the influence of the folk story and contains it’s most important elements: themes, motives, characters and features.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: folk tale, artistic tale, Lila Arsova.</p> Jovanka Denkova Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 144 152 TEACHER – MANAGER IN CREATING ENVIRONMENTAL CULTURE OF PRIMARY EDUCATION STUDENTS THROUGH INTEGRATING ECOLOGICAL CONTENTS INTO EFL/ESL TEACHING https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3620 <p>Modern way of life, development of science and technology, the search for more economical sources of energy, and,most important, for bigger profit, brings in the issueof the survival of the Earth and the human race.<br>As a result, people start to awake because they have become victims of their own ambitions. Nowadays, people take up numerous activities turned towards protecting the environment and the Earth. Those are planned activities, firstly initiated by individuals and small groups of people, and today they are big organizations and institutions, government and non-government, which strive to find solutions to this global problem and raise people’s consciousness.<br>To resolvesuch a serious problem, it is necessary to start from educational institutions -first from kindergartens, where we can be most influential on the collective consciousness. All factors that are included in the educational process have a duty to influence the creation and rising of ecological awareness.<br>This paper explores how the teacher – manager in the classroom can influence the raising of environmental awareness and culture among primary students, specifically during EFL/ESL classes. It alsoanalyzes and elaborateson issues concerning the definition of the terms of ecology, environmental awareness and culture, management, class management, the influence of teachers of English as a foreign/second language in raising environmental awareness and culture among students, and the characteristics and specifies of the curricula in the classroom.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: ecology, environmental culture, management, teacher – manager.</p> Snezana Stavreva Veselinovska Snezana Kirova Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 153 157 MOTIVATION – A KEY DRIVE TO EFFECTIVE E-LEARNING https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3621 <p>The contemporary education, as a result of the global health crises, is faced to the challenge to transform the permanent learning process, from a process that has been held in a classroom, to an online learning process. The transformation is followed by many attempts to find out the best learning methods, the most effective teaching and learning strategies, the most suitable applicative programs or platforms, that, through the learning contents, will reach the educational goals the most effectively.<br>It’s a fact that the learners don’t treat the same the regular “in classroom” learning and the online learning. One of the reasons is the luck of motivation for online learning.<br>This study elaborates the problem of motivation for online learning among the primary school learners. The presented approaches indicate how to stimulate the e-learners the most effectively.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: Motivation, online teaching and learning, stimulation, learning.</p> Violeta Kitanovska Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 158 164 THE CHALLENGES IN IMPLEMENTING THE ICCEE INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN MODEL FOR ONLINE LEARNING https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3624 <p>The contemporary learning process continually searches for innovative models and approaches that in concrete conditions will lead to best results, measured through the learners’ achievements. The latest tendencies stress the importance of online learning, not just like an alternative strategy, but like an infallible segment of modern education. E-learning, supported by informatics technology, promotes new approaches in the acquiring of knowledge, skills and habits and also, development of the capabilities.<br>Designing an effective online learning model means to create positive learning environment, with clearly defined learning objectives, where the learners are motivated to learn and to enhance own intellectual capacities. The ICCEE instructional design model for online learning, by its specific approach in teaching-learning process organization and implementation, presents well-structured ID model that generates excellent results.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: Instructional design, online teaching-learning models, ICCEE model.</p> Violeta Kitanovska Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 165 170 SWEDISH PRESCHOOL CURRICULUM (SKOLVERKET) AS A MODEL IN THE PRESCHOOL EDUKATION SYSTEM https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3625 <p>As part of a master's thesis on "Preschool Curriculum in the Swedish Preschool Education System" that challenged my research of preschool curriculum with my stay in Gothenburg (Sweden), as a preschool educator at Krumeluren 6 förskola Kindergarten. My goal is to give a complete picture of the important aspects of the preschool curriculum in Sweden as a quality model in the preschool education system.The preschool curriculum (Skulverket) in Sweden is designed to promote positive growth and development in the lives of all children, a holistic approach, to develop their social, physical, emotional and intellectual abilities. We know that every child is unique, and the special and positive experiences from early childhood are important for the overall development of the child in later life. The preschool curriculum in Sweden provides high quality education and care for children in a safe, respected and inclusive environment that builds a foundation for lifelong learning.<br><strong>Keywords</strong>: preschool curriculum, preschool education, preschool institutions, lifelong learning, democracy.</p> Zorica Nikova Cinguloska Kiril Barbareev Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 171 178 DISTANCE TEACHING IN THE LAST THREE GRADES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL DURING THE QUARANTENE https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3626 <p>Distance teaching has been at our elementary school, where I am employed, more an exception rather than the rule. In case of a pupil's prolonged absence due to an illness or sport commitments, we designed an individual program for them and graded them upon their return.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: online communication, personal choices of training, computer literacy, responsibility, awareness</p> Jasna Race Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 179 180 AN ACTIVE WITH CRTICAL THINKING STUDENT AND INDIVIDUAL EFFORTS - A NECESSITY IN MODERN HISTORY TEACHING https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3627 <p>The paper analyses the need for a change in the teaching syllabus for the subject of history in aspect of introducing the contents that will be taught through external school activities. These contents should encourage teacher’s creativity and create a critical and historical thoughts in student’s mind as is the aim of modern history teaching.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: history, homeland, active learning</p> Verica Josimovska Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 181 184 INCLUSION OF THE STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF DISABILITIES IN PRIMARY SCHOOL https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3628 <p>Over the last 50 years there has been a radical change in the education of children with disabilities. Inclusive education is a rationale concept which means wholeness and long transformation of institutional systems in society, especial in education.<br>The aim of this study was to examine the attitudes of Macedonian primary school teachers towards inclusive education; we analyzed the quality of the inclusive education of students with different types of disabilities in the mainstream schools in Skopje. 98 teachers from primary schools in the city of Skopje were inquired with the teacher inclusion attitudes questionnaire.<br>Data analysis indicates that in general, teachers have positive attitudes toward inclusion, but can be noticed that they have a divided opinion on the degree and type of disability.<br>We can conclude that there are still barriers facing students with disabilities and teaching stuff, and at the same time, the teaching staff does not have enough resources for work.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: inclusion, attitudes, primary school teachers, disabilities</p> Natasha Chichevska Jovanova Olivera Rashikj Canevska Julijana Stankovska Kolevska Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 185 198 DIDACTIC ASPECTS IN DISTANCE TEACHING https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3629 <p>The aim and the content of the paper focuses on a few didactic aspects in distance teaching. In that sense the subject of interest are the questions concerning the clear thematic distinction, the essence and the characteristics of distance teaching, as well as the advantages and disadvantages. The model for distance teaching is not new, but the different forms that it takes are in accordance to the technical and technological development. Herein, in an era with dominance and expansion of the information and communication technology, the paper focuses especially on online teaching as a form of distance learning.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: distance teaching, education, openness, flexibility, information technology.</p> Snezana Miraschieva Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 199 205 SOCIAL MEDIA AND SOCIAL INTERACTION TO YOUNG PEOPLE https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3630 <p>The paper focuses on two key issues, social media and social interaction among students. Given the fact that social media is diverse and numerous, attention is focused on some of them such as Facebook, Instagram and email and their reflection on some social competencies of students.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: social competence, social media, interaction.</p> Snezana Miraschieva Zoran Ristovski Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 206 210 CHALENGING WITH HOME EDUCATION AND HOME SCHOOLING https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3631 <p>The paper addresses the explanation of the terms home education and home schooling as well as the view of facing with education in the home in our country caused by overcoming the pandemic, its challenges, advantages and disadvantages, proposals for overcoming barriers and greater efficiency and effectiveness. The recommendations and perceptions arise from the results of the survey of the opinion and attitude of the educational staff in primary, secondary education, and students from Primary and Secondary Education. The aim of this study is to investigate teacher’s opinions for concept of home schooling and home education. Open-ended questions were used to collect data in semi-structured interviews. In the examination were included 30 teachers from the first two educational cycles (grade teaching), 30 subject teachers, 30 secondary school teachers. The research is designed within quantitative research approach and case study method.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: home education, home schooling, teachers, students</p> Biljana Cvetkova Dimov Tatjana Atanasoska Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 211 216 MOTIVATION TO LEARN DURING A PANDEMIC https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3632 <p>The learning process is a process that takes the longest and has the greatest importance in every human’s life.. It is a process in which an individual adopts and shape their knowledge, skills, beliefs, attitudes; a process in which individuals shapes their behavior. It is conditioned by the so-called internal motives, as well as by external stimulus that determine the purpose, intensity and duration of the learning process. In the paper we theoretically elaborated the problems related to motivation, its importance in the life of every person, especially the motivation to learn. In the answer of the question: how to motivate students to learn better during the pandemic, in order to achieve higher achievements in the teaching process, improving its quality, we pointed out some motivational techniques.<br><strong>Key words</strong>: teaching, learning, motivation to learn, motivation technique, students</p> Snezana Jovanova Mitkovska Biljana Popeska Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 217 223 DEVELOPING CULTURAL BONDS BETWEEN EUROPEAN CITIZENS AND MIGRANTS (DEVCULT) https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/vospitanie/article/view/3633 <p>It is widely acknowledged that school teachers and educators face many challenges as they deal with increasingly complex and diverse learning situations and meet competence demands in a constantly changing cultural environment with the high flow of migrants in Europe. Providing attractive, effective and efficient high-multicultural possibilities for school teacher training supports school teachers and teachers educators to address skills deficits and update their competences throughout their career based on the current situation of the social crisis as the integration of migrants in the school setting and minimizing the&nbsp; respective cultural gap is one of the main objectives of the DEVCULT research project.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In this paper, we will present current situation in schools across EU and results of the survey as a basis of new teaching methodology with e-learning component.</p> <p><strong>Key words:</strong> cultural bond, migrants, teachers, students, parents</p> Tatjana Atanasova Pacemska Mario Kamenov Olena Bilozerova Youla Melanthiou Ana Atanasova Hristina Leova Mariche lazarovska Riste Timovski Copyright (c) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 11 15 224 230