Variability assessment of metals distributions due to anthropogenic and geogenic impact in the lead-zinc mine and flotation „Zletovo” environs (moss biomonitoring)

  • Biljana Balabanova
  • Trajce Stafilov
  • Robert Šajn
  • Katerina Baceva


Moss species (Hypnum cupressiforme, Scleropodium purum and Campthotecium lutescens) wereused as suitable sampling media for biomonitoring the origin of heavy metal pollution in the lead–zinc mine and flotationenviron near the town of Probištip. The 21 metals contents were determined by atomic emission spectrometrywith inductively coupled plasma (ICP–AES). Data processing was applied with combinations of multivariate statisticalmethods: factor analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis. The main anthropogenic markersin the investigated area were Pb and Zn (maximal values of 200 and 186 mg kg–1, respectively). The factor analysissingled out (in the increasing scale) the following associations: F1/D1: Fe < Mo < Pb < Na < Cd < Mg < Zn < Ag <Cu and F2/D2: Mn < Ni < K < P < Ba < Sr < Ca < As < Cr < Al < V < Li. The anthropogenic elements contents varyindependent from the moss species, but depending on the distancing from the pollution source, there are positive correlation.Long distance distribution from the emission source doesn’t occur.


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