THE CHILD AND HIS NEEDS
This paper introduces the preschool child's needs, which are leading in his/her day-to-day activities, the choice of behaviors, regulation, and self-regulation of behavior. It is precisely the needs that can form the basis of pedagogical interaction with children and be the natural engine for development and maturation. The present study explores the children`s leading needs and the opportunities for adapting the activity of the educator with them in order to stimulate the child's activity and adequate positioning of the child in the society. For this purpose, an adapted version of the questionnaire by G. Stern – “Self-portrait - needs and aspirations” is used. The results of the survey and their qualitative analysis are the basis for synthesizing suggestions and guidelines regarding the activity of the pedagogue in the kindergarten and creating the conditions for behaving to meet the actual needs of satisfying specific individual needs of the child.
Key words: child, needs, preschool age, teacher, game, society