Hydrochemical data for the ground waters in the Bitola’s part of the Pelagonia valley, Republic of Macedonia

  • Vojo Mirčovski
  • Blažo Boev
  • Zlatko Efremoski
  • Ajka Šorša
  • Ðorđi Dimov


For determination of some hydrochemical data in the ground waters of the Bitola part of thePelagonia valley, are taken single samples from 19 wells. Specified values for pH indicate that the waters belong tothe group of slightly alkaline ground water (pH = 7.2 – 8.9). Following to the classification of Alekin the majority oftested water according the content of the anion fall into hydrocarbonate class, calcite group and a smaller number inthe chloride and sulfate class, sodium and magnesium group. Increased values of TDS, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, HCO3-,Cl– and NH4+ occurs in the ground water from deeper artesian and subartesian wells, as a result of the longer retentiontime of water in the underground and its interaction with the geological environment. Ground water from the shallowwells occurs the increasing content of PO43– and NO3– which indicates water pollution from fertilization of the cultivatedareas, livestock farms as well as communal waste water. Knowing the hydrochemical feature of the ground waterfrom the research area is from particular importance, because the water from these wells 5s used by the inhabitantsof the region as industrial water, water for irrigation, packaging of mineral water and the exploitation of CO2.


Download data is not yet available.


Alekin, O. A.: On the climatic classification of natural waters. Proceedings of NIUGUGMS, IV (32), 20–26 (1946).

Arsovski M.: Tectonics of Macedonia; RGF, Štip, 1997.

Ballester, F. and Sunyer, J.: Drinking water and gastrointestinal disease, need of better understand and an improvement in public health surveillance. Journal of Epidemiol Community Health, 54, (2000).:

Broun E., Skovgstd M. W. and Fishman M. J.: Method for Collection and Analysis of Water Samples for Dissolved Minerals and Gases, 5, 1974.

Dumurdžanov N. et al.: Genesis of Neogene-Quaternary depression and their formation – stratigraphic features of the territory of Macedonia. Research project at University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius” – Skopje; Faculty for Mining – Geology Štip, 2002.

Dumurdžanov N., Stojanov R., Petrovski K.: Interpreters of Basic geological map of the Republic of Macedonia, sheet Krusevo 1:100 000; Geological Institute, Skopje, 1979.

Dumurdžanov N., Hristov S.: Interpreters of Basic geological map of the R. Macedonia 1:100 000 sheets Vitolište and Kaimakčalan; Geological Institute, Skopje, 1965.

Gjuzelkovski D.: Ground water (aquifer) to resolve the water supply in R. Macedonia and their protection; Institute Geohidroproekt, Skopje, 1997.

Harilal, C. C., Hashim, A., Arun, P. R. and Baji, S.: Ecology Environ Conservation, 10 (2), 187–192 (2004).

Karajovanović M., Ivanovski T.: Interpreters of Basic geological map of the RM 1:100 000, sheets Bitola and Lerin; Geological Institute, Skopje, 1972.

Manassaram, M. D., Backer, C. L., Moll M., D,: A Review of Nitrates in Drinking Water: Maternal Exposure and Adverse Reproductive and developmental Outcomes, Environ Health Perspect, 114 (3), 320–327, March, 2006.

Mirčovski V., Boev B., Ristevski P.: Heavy and toxic metals in the ground water of the Prilep region from the Pelagonia valley; Geologica Macedonica, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 93–98 (2014).

Purandra, B. K., Varadarajan, N. and Jayashree, K.: Poll Res., 22 (2), 189 (2003).

Sharma, M. R.: Pollut Res, 23 (1), 131–134 (2004).

Shaikh, A. M. and Mandre, P. N.: Seasonal study of physico- chemical parameters of drinking water in Khed (Lote) industrial area. Sodh, Samiksha aur Mulyankan, International Research Journal. Vol 2, Issue 7. Standard Methods (2002).

Shyamala, R., Shanthi, M. and Lalitha, P.: Physicochemical analysis of borewell water samples of Telungupalayam area in Coimbatore District, Tamilnadu, India. EJournal of Chemistry, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 924–929 (2008).

Van Cleemput, (1984), Nitrite: a key compound in N loss processes under acid conditions? Plant and Soil Volume 76, Issue 1-3, pp 233-241

MDK – (Maksimalno dozvoleni Koncentracii), Official Gazette of R. Macedonia, Nr. 57 of 27. 08. 2004.

WSR – (Water-safety regulation book), Official Gazette of R. Macedonia, Nr. 46 of 7. 4. 2008.

How to Cite
Mirčovski, V., Boev, B., Efremoski, Z., Šorša, A., & Dimov, Ðorđi. (2015). Hydrochemical data for the ground waters in the Bitola’s part of the Pelagonia valley, Republic of Macedonia. Geologica Macedonica, 29(1), pp. 15-24. Retrieved from https://js.ugd.edu.mk/index.php/GEOLMAC/article/view/1007