BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES: A REVIEW
With the fickle nature of the weather conditions upon which renewable energy sources mostly depend,
as well as the changing consumer demand profile, the need for balance in the electric power system between
supply and demand through a reliable energy storage system becomes essential. Besides most of the energy
storage system technologies are not commercially viable at present due to some of their limitations, the battery
energy storage system (BESS) carries out an increased role and frequency in energy markets and continuous
improvements that serve a variety of energy optimization purposes, improving the quality, reliability, and
affordability of electricity.
This topic covers and analyzes the different technologies of the battery system and their characteristics according
to the type of battery, their adaptation, evolution, and functionality as key to the energy transition. Flexible options
are necessary to overcome the overall variability between the interaction of systems and the regulation of their
parameters. The battery energy storage system cannot become obsolete in the coming period, but on the contrary
will contribute to faster realization of new energy trends, development of stationary markets, and the rise of a
sustainable energy future.
Keywords: energy transformation, renewable energy, battery technologies, grid-level energy storage, energy
sector trends, electrochemical design, battery model