EVALUATION OF THE CURRENT STATUS IN ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA AND EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Implementation of organic agriculture and development of sustainable agriculture production gives a new lifestyle quality in local communities and country in general. Intensive agriculture is unsustainable and it cannot support production of enough food longtermly because of compromising the basic settings for food production.
The modern agriculture trends involve favorizing of new high yielding varieties produced with high inputs consumption which is a direct threat for genetic diversity and agriculture. Ingenious genotypes have enormous gene poll of different desirable characteristics, but they are permanently endangered because of utilization of commercial varieties.
Introduction of organic farming is a hope for survival of endangered and ingenious varieties and genotypes. The positive role of organic farming is foreseen in growing crops in their natural environment which contributes to conservation of existing genetic diversity. Utilization of old varieties and local genotypes in organic farming is one of the ways to increase genetic diversity and biodiversity in agricultural system and it gives to the organic farming broader and durable meaning regarding protection of ecosystem and environment.
Environmental conservation and protection are important in the politics of rural development in EU. Following this approach, there is need for implementation of instruments with will create conditions for development of sustainable agriculture which is highly harmonized with the principles of environmental protection.