Formation of ethical rules (code) in preschoolers through the Bulgarian children's folklore games

  • Julia Doncheva


The aim of this paper is to make an outline of Bulgarian children’s folk games in preschool. They arenot only a means of education, but also a method for learning. As a form of independent action of the childusing games is also a way of organizing collective interactions showing moral directions for a person’sindependence, initiative and organizational abilities. Collective relations are formed at the level of gaming, sothe game becomes a school for fostering real relationships that produce significant development in theformation of the moral sphere. The development of social motives leads to overcoming the contradictionsbetween private desire and public opinion, between gaming and real behavior, and the personal position of thechild is amended. In these terms lasting feelings of sympathy and friendliness are created. Responsiveness,fairness and responsibility are developed. The strong wish to play creates objective criteria in evaluation andself-evaluation of their mates.Since preschool, as a result of the educational influences in different situations in general, the wholetime of the children’s stay in the kindergarten teaches children about good and bad. On the basis of this moralvalues are created. Depending on the character and the content of the ethical ideas, a certain level ofunderstanding of the ethical concepts is achieved. This leads to further gradual formation of moral habits (e.g.don’t lie, that is bad). As a result of education, more stable motives occur in the behavior of children.
Jun 3, 2016
How to Cite
DONCHEVA, Julia. Formation of ethical rules (code) in preschoolers through the Bulgarian children's folklore games. Faculty of Educational Sciences, [S.l.], p. pp. 32-35, june 2016. ISSN 1857- 8810. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 15 oct. 2019.