Wheat Diseases in Republic of Macedonia

  • Ilija Karov
  • Sasa Mitrev
  • Biljana Kovacevik
  • Daniela Ristova
  • Emilija Nakova


During May and June 2006 and 2007, the health condition of the wheat and barley crops in the Republic of Macedonia was checked. The monitoring was done in the area of: Skopje, Stip, Kocani, Kumanovo, Probistip, St. Nikole and Bitola. During this monitoring, the presence of Puccinia graminis, Blumeria graminis f.sp. tritici, Mycosphaerella graminicola and Tapesia yallundae was discovered as mycoses with the biggest economic importance. Teliosoruses with teliospores and uredinospores from Puccinia graminis (black rust) were noticed. We determined Blumeria graminis f.sp. tritici (powdery mildew of cereals), in the stage of cleistothecium with ascuses and ascospores, pseudothecia with macro and microspores from Mycosphaerella graminicola (septoriosis) and apothecia with ascuses and ascospores from Tapesia yallundae (eyespot).


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