CONDITIONS AND CHALLENGES IN WHEAT, BARLEY AND CORN PRODUCTION IN REPUBLIC OF NORTH MACEDONIA IN THE PERIOD OF THE NEW WORLD ECONOMIC CRISIS
Wheat, barley and corn are the most common cereals in crop production in Republic of North Macedonia. In 2021, 243,676 tons of wheat, 151,600 tons of barley and 130,769 tons of corn were produced. The other cereal plants, like rye, rice and oats are produced in much smaller quantities. The total production of wheat, barley and corn grain in 2021 was 526,045 tons. The average production for the three-year period (2019/21) of grain from these crops was 529 956 tons.
The production obtained from these grains does not satisfy the domestic need and demand. Wheat is dominant and strategic cereal crop, followed by barley and corn. The domestic production meets about 55 to 60% of needs. The remaining amount is still provided by imports. In order, to overcome these conditions and become import-independent for wheat, barley and corn grain, it is necessary to take certain bolder steps in the organizational part of production.
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